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Job Profiles

The space industry is growing fast and new jobs are being created every day. Space professionals design components for Mars rovers, develop software that uses satellite data, study images taken by space telescopes, research the effects of microgravity on the human body, and even practise law.


Astrobiologists are scientists studying the possibility of life in space, and what life needs to survive.

ESA astronaut Samantha Cristoforetti, a Flight Engineer with Expedition 42, photographs the Earth through a window in the Cupola on the International Space Station.Credit: NASA


Astronauts are the people who actually go into space, conduct experiments on space stations like the ISS, and pilot spacecraft like the Space Shuttle.

Astrophysicists & Astronomers

Astrophysicists study objects in the universe, including galaxies and stars to understand what they are made of, their features, their histories, and how they were formed.


There are many kinds of engineers in the space sector. Their job is to design components, software, and systems, improving on current designs and creating totally new ones.

Planetary Scientists

Planetary scientists study planets and moons like Mars and Titan to try to understand what they are made of and how they are formed.

Space Lawyers

Space law governs all space-related activities. It covers things like the protection of planets from human contamination, to the rescue of stranded astronauts.

ESA astronaut Samantha Cristoforetti is strapped in before a centrifuge runCredit: GCTC

Space Medical Professionals

Space medical professionals are doctors and scientists who study the effects of being in space on the human body, viruses, and medicines.