Credit: Wes Agresta/Argonne National Laboratory

Job Profile


Meteorologists study the Earth’s atmosphere allowing them to predict the weather and climate.

Meteorologists use data collected from satellite images, radar and worldwide weather stations to forecast the weather for public knowledge and for a variety of fields that rely heavily on the weather such as shipping, farming and other agricultural areas. Data collected will also be used to investigate changing weather patterns and monitor the effects of climate change. Research in this field can also be applied to more practical problems such as predicting floods or how the weather has an impact on the spread of disease.

Meteorological predictions are also very important during spacecraft launches. Meteorologists need to make sure that the conditions during a launch window are safe ie, there is not too much wind, there are no near thunderstorms or the cloud coverage is not too thick.

Skills of a Meteorologist

A high level of competence in computer programming and data analysis is very important in the field of Meteorology. A strong grasp of maths and problem solving is also essential. It is also key, particularly if you are working in weather forecasting that you have strong communication skills to be able to relay information to the general public.

Routes into Meteorology

It is essential that you have an undergraduate degree in a science subject, computer science, maths or meteorology. It would be highly desirable to also hold a qualification in meteorology or climatology. If you are interested in pursuing a research post in meteorology it is likely that you will require a PhD.


Emma Collier

Emma studies Physics with Astronomy at the University of Southampton.

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